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                               José Eustasio Rivera
                                                                           Colombia (1889-1928)

                                                                           "se los devoró la selva!"

The above marks the end of La vorágine (1924), Rivera's most famous work. The story addresses the old dichotomy of civilization and barbarie. This time barbarie nor the plains is the enemy of civilization, the primeval jungle is what prevents the inroads of civilized life. Besides the ideas of civilization versus barbarie, La vorágine is also about nation building and the exclusion of  nonwhites as members of the Colombian nation. See who are the bad guys in the narrative, they are either indians or mulattos. The novel celebrates patriarchy and the nation state as the ultimate goals of social organization in Colombia. The nation state is, in fact, seen as the natural step in the consolation of patriarchal ideology. At the end of the novel, the white poet (Cova) and his would-be wife (Alicia) are devoured by the enemy of civilization: the jungle.